Ventilation holes for free flow of air with the ability to explore the outside world while remaining safe on the inside. Dog crates are an excellent training tool for puppies and adult dogs, plus they also represent a "den" which their ancestors used for comfort and shelter. A crate should be large enough for the dog to stand up, turn around, and lie down comfortably. Crates should be just long enough for your dog to stretch out comfortably on his side to sleep.
Advantages for Using a Crate
Protection from human visitors because dogs can get overly excited with the introduction of others, particularly children. Children often find it hard to leave a dog alone, even when told to do so. Therefore, dog crates are useful in managing the dog's quite time and clearing a space for visitors and children, without having to isolate him in another room. His crate can also provide a welcome sanctuary when he becomes over stimulated. In addition, a crate can be used to protect your home from your dog's possible destructive behaviors, such as chewing or jumping on furniture.
For house-training the foundation for crate training is based on the principle that puppies will avoid soiling their immediate sleeping/living area. It is important that dog crates are the appropriate size for your dog. Dog crates that are too big may result in your puppy soiling in it. Unsupervised puppies should be restricted to their crate. However, don't isolate a puppy for more that 2-3 hours at a time. Take the puppy outside after meal or nap time and instruct him to go potty. Put him back in the dog crate if he fails to go potty. Repeat the process in 15 minutes.
Use a dog crate to provide a safe haven for your puppy. Dog crates are a great way to provide a place while away from your dog, and not feeling guilty about restricting his freedom.
By introducing your dog to a crate it makes it easier for him to adjust to kennels. This is particularly the case with kennels that allow the owners to bring their own dog crates.
Dog crates provide piece of mind allowing you to go out of the house and relax in the knowledge that he is not getting into trouble by eating the furniture, chewing on electrical cords, getting into cleaning products underneath the sink, or soiling the carpet. The confinement of a crate can act as a passive form of discipline by preventing your dog from engaging in unwanted behaviors while you cannot be there to actively supervise him. In addition, a crate helps puppies go through the discomfort of chewing/teething stages by restricting them to chewing only their chew toys.
Dog crates are extremely useful and can continue to remain useful after the puppy is house-trained. Leave the crate open during the day and you'll find your dog choosing the crate as a place to nap. They enjoy the confined spaces that dog crates provide. When properly used, a crate will provide your dog with much preferred security and comfort.